Ukraine Parliament elects pro-Western Yulia Tymoshenko as prime minister
Parliament elected the fiery Yulia Tymoshenko prime minister Tuesday by the narrowest possible margin, in a striking political comeback likely to strengthen Ukraine\'s ties to the West and aggravate tensions with Russia.
Now the big question is whether the 47-year-old heroine of the 2004 Orange Revolution, which split the country between those who favor close ties to Moscow and those who seek greater integration with Europe, can hang onto her job.
Tuesday marked the second time Tymoshenko has won the prime minister\'s post: her first stint ended after just seven months, when she was fired by her Orange Revolution partner Viktor Yushchenko.
Speaking shortly before the vote, Tymoshenko said it was critical that the two parties put their differences aside.
\"Today\'s vote is a moment of truth for the democratic coalition,\" she told parliament. Moscow openly endorsed the Orange Revolution\'s major foe, Viktor Yanukovych, in the 2004 presidential contest - and the Kremlin has bitterly denounced the results as part of an effort by the West to weaken and surround Russia.
But Moscow reacted with soft words Tuesday, welcoming the prospect of a Cabinet taking shape in Ukraine.
Tymoshenko outraged the Kremlin in April, when the U.S. magazine Foreign Affairs published an article in which she urged Western nations to oppose what she called Moscow\'s effort to restore control of its \"lost empire.\"
More recently, she vowed to get rid of a company, half-owned by Russia\'s state-owned Gazprom, that acts as a middleman in Russian natural gas sales to Ukraine. She has called the sales arrangement \"corrupt.\"
\"There cannot be any mediators on the gas market,\" she said Tuesday.
Tymoshenko received 226 votes - the minimum required for confirmation by the 450-member parliament - from deputies in her bloc and Yushchenko\'s party.
Tymoshenko took the oath of office clad in a dazzling white dress and wearing her signature coif - her blond hair braided and curled in a halo.
\"I congratulate everybody who voted for the democratic forces, and those who did not - we will make sure that we are their team too,\" Tymoshenko said, with a triumphant smile. \"What we have to do now is show society high-quality results.\"
But the narrow vote was an ominous sign of how difficult it will be for the Yushchenko-Tymoshenko coalition to govern.
The Party of Regions, led by the Orange Revolution\'s old adversary, former Prime Minister Yanukovych, is expected to challenge Tymoshenko and Yushchenko\'s allies in parliament. Yanukovych demonstrated his skill at parliamentary politics last year by wooing his opponents in the legislature to join in a coalition with the Party of Regions.
Tymoshenko and Yushchenko have a history of tensions. Both have shown interest in running in the 2010 presidential elections.
Viktor Luhovyk, a political analyst with the Dragon Capital investment house, said that while the Orange leaders have agreed to share power for now, their partnership is unstable. \"There can be no guarantee the promises made today will be kept in a year from now,\" he said. Party of Regions lawmaker Hanna Herman predicted the coalition would quickly fall apart, saying \"the earlier they come, the earlier they\'ll leave.\"
Tymoshenko was one of the most energetic and recognizable figures during the Orange Revolution, the 2004 mass street protests that led to Yushchenko\'s election as president. Demonstrations broke out after Yanukovych was declared the winner of an election that a court later ruled had been fraudulent. The Supreme Court annulled the vote, and Yushchenko won a rerun. Yushchenko struggled to rule the country, unable to form a stable alliance with Tymoshenko, while Yanukovych refused to give up and returned as prime minister in 2006.
Yushchenko this year accused Yanukovych of trying to usurp power and called early elections. In September\'s parliamentary vote, his supporters and those of Tymoshenko won a narrow majority of seats. Weeks later they agreed to form a coalition.
Tuesday\'s vote was a laborious process in which each lawmaker was called to raise his hand and voice support or opposition to Tymoshenko.
The process was adopted following charges by Tymoshenko\'s supporters that last week\'s vote - in which she got only 225 votes, one short of victory - was sabotaged when someone tampered with parliament\'s vote-tallying machine.
U.S. Ambassador William Taylor Tuesday called Tymoshenko\'s election a vote for reform. \"It\'s great to have a prime minister that we can now deal with, and we hope that this is the first step toward forming a reform-minded government,\" he said. \"We hope there will be a stable government.\"
Yushchenko has consistently advocated moving this nation of 47 million closer to the West, pushing for quick membership in NATO and the European Union.